Instruments

Current Long-Term Instruments at Summit

For details, refer to the 'Summit Station Year-Round Measurements' document which lists the current year-round measurements at Summit Station, the frequency of the measurements, and the best point-of-contact for further information

Displaying 1 - 47 of 47
Project Instrument Point of Contact Measurement(s)
ICECAPS Radiosondes (Vaisala RS41-SGP) Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

daily sondes measuring vertical profiles to ~25km altitude at ~5m resolution of: winds, temperature, humidity

ICECAPS Polar Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (PAERI) Von Walden v.walden@wsu.edu

passive calibrated infrared interferometer in the 3.3-25 micron window at 0.5 cm-1 resolution measuring spectral IR sky brightness temperatures and radiances to derive: cloud ice/water content, cloud optical depth, cloud particle size, cloud radiative forcing, cloud temperature, cloud occurrence

ICECAPS Millimeter Cloud Radar (MMCR) Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

multimode 35 GHz Ka band, pulsed Doppler radar sensing signal from -50 to +20 dBZ measuring radar Doppler spectra and moments (reflectivity, mean Doppler velocity, spectrum width) of detected hydrometeors to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, atmospheric winds, cloud particle size, cloud ice/water content, atmospheric turbulence

ICECAPS Microwave Radiometers (MWR); HATPRO and 150-90 Dave Turner dave.turner@noaa.gov

two scanning passive radiometers measuring downwelling radiance at 22-31, 51-58, 90, and 150 GHz absorption lines to derive: atmospheric moisture, atmospheric temperature, cloud ice/water content

ICECAPS Cloud Aerosol Polarization and Backscatter LIDAR (CAPABL) Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

tiltable non-scanning multiple linear polarization sensitive lidar at 532 nm measuring backscatter, depolarization ratio of detected targets to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, cloud phase, cloud optical depth

ICECAPS Ceilometer Vaisala CT25K Dave Turner dave.turner@noaa.gov

non-scanning vertically pointing lidar at 1064 nm measuring backscatter of detected targets to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, cloud phase, cloud optical depth

ICECAPS Micropulse Lidar (MPL) Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

non-scanning polarization sensitive vertically pointing lidar at 532 nm measuring backscatter, depolarization ratio of detected targets to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, cloud phase, cloud optical depth

ICECAPS Precipitation Occurrence Sensor System (POSS) Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

x-band Doppler radar mounted on a 2-3m tall mast to measure reflectivity and mean Doppler velocity of detected hydrometeors to derive: precipitation occurrence, precipitation type, precipitation intensity

ICECAPS Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera (MASC) Ralf Bennartz ralf.bennartz@vanderbuilt.edu

multi-camera automatic sensing high resolution snowflake imaging system mounted 1-2m above surface to automatically capture images of: snow type, snow structure

ICECAPS IcePic ice particle images Von Walden v.walden@wsu.edu

manually captured digital images of snowflake structure and type utilizing microscope stage, lenses, and slides to image precipitation in very high resolution

ICECAPS SODAR Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

bi-static audible acoustic sodar measuring sonic backscatter from density variations to infer depth and stability of the boundary layer

ICECAPS Total Sky Imager Von Walden v.walden@wsu.edu

hemispheric digital sky imager used to monitor cloud fraction from captured images. Operates in daylight conditions above -40C.

ICECAPS-ACE Condensation particle counter (GRIMM 5.400 CPC) Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

Number concentrations of condensation nuclei (> 5 nm diameter) measured at the surface observed at the MSF with a 1s sample rate.

ICECAPS-ACE Optical Particle Counters (Alphasense N3) Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

Surface aerosol size distribution from 0.35 to 40 μm diameter observed at several locations at Summit Station with a 1s sample rate. Useful for some aerosol measurements but also a good indicator of fog.

ICECAPS-ACE Optical Particle Counter (SkyOPC) Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

Surface aerosol size distribution from 0.25 to 6.5 μm diameter observed at the MSF with a 1s sample rate

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Vaisala HMP155 Heated Temperature and relative humidity Probes at 2 m, 4, 10 m, and 15 m Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

Temperature and humidity observations measured at with a 1s sample rate and averaged to 1 minute intervals

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Ventus-X 2D sonic anemometers at 4 m and 10 m Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

2D sonically sensed wind components measured at 10Hz

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Metek uSonic-3 anemometers at 2 m and 15 m Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

3D sonically sensed wind components measured at 10Hz

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Licor-7500 at 2m Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

Open-path CO2 and H2O vapor concentration measured at 10Hz

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Snow surface temperature (Heitronics KT15) Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

snow surface brightness temperature

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Snow depth sensor (Campbell Scientific SR50AH) Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk

distance to the snow surface from the lowest level of ICECAPS-ACE instruments on the 15 m tower detected by a sonic-ranging sensor

ICECAPS solar tracker Pyrheliometer Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

direct solar radiation

ICECAPS solar tracker Kipp and Zonen CG4 pyrgeometer (solar tracker) Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

downwelling diffuse longwave radiation

ICECAPS solar tracker Kipp and Zonen CM21 pyranometer (solar tracker) Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

downwelling hemispheric shortwave radiation

ICECAPS fixed albedo stand Kipp and Zonen CG4 pyrgeometer Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

Upwelling hemispheric longwave and shortwave radiation

ICECAPS fixed albedo stand Kipp and Zonen CM21 pyranometer Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

Upwelling hemispheric longwave and shortwave radiation

UC Davis DRUM size-segregated aerosol impactor Nicholas Spada njspada@ucdavis.edu

impact sampler with a through-wall inlet at AWO measuring aerosols including: Sizing in 8 modes from ~15 µm to 0.09 µm, 8 wavelengths of optical absorption (350 to 720 nm), Composition of up to 32 elements to sub-picograms/m3 levels, 12 hour resolution from 2003

NOAA meteorology Lufft Ventus-UMB sonic anemometer, 10 m NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

minute data records Wind Speed/Direction (10m)

NOAA meteorology Logan RTD temperature, 2 m NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

Temperature (2m)

NOAA meteorology Vaisala HMP155 relative humidity, 2 m NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

Relative Humidity (2m)

NOAA meteorology Setra and Honeywell pressure transducers (2 instruments) NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

Ambient pressure

NOAA in-situ flasks Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gas (CCGC) flask samples Don Neff don.neff@noaa.gov

Weekly in-situ flask samples: Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Carbon monoxide (CO), Nitrous oxide (NO), Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), C13/C12 in CO2, O18/O16 in CO2, C13/C12 in CH4, Ethane (C2H6), Propane (C3H8), i-butane – (C4H10), n-butane – (C4H10), i-pentane – (C5H12), n-pentane – (C5H12), isoprene (C5H8), Molecular Hydrogen, n-hexane, Acetylene, Toluene (C7H8), Ethene (C2H4), Propene (C3H6)

NOAA in-situ flasks Halocarbon and Atmospheric Trace Species (HATS) flask samples GCMS with a GC/ECD instrument Steve Montzka stephen.a.montzka@noaa.gov

weekly (Jul-Sept), biweekly (Oct-Jun) taken from inlet above AWO roof: CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, H-1211, H-2402, CH3CCl3, CCl4, CH2Cl2, C2Cl4, CH3Br, CH3Cl, HCFC-22, HCFC-141b, HCFC-142b, HFC-134a, HFC-152a, HFC-365mfc, HFC-227ea, Carbonyl Sulfide (COS)

Additional gases (data haven't necessarily been through QA/QC and aren't regularly posted. Data for these gases could be made available upon request from NOAA GMD HATS group): CFC-112, HCFC-133a, HCFC-21, CH2Br2, CHBr3, CHCl3, CH3I, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethane CH2BrCl, CHBr2Cl, CHBrCl2, CH2ClI (chloro-iodo-methane), Benzene, C3H4, n-pentane, n-hexane, CF4, NF3, C2H6 ethane, PFC-116 CF3CF3, SF6, CFC-13, HFC-23 CHF3, C2H2 ethyne, OCS carbonyl sulfide, HFC-32 CH2F2, SO2F2 sulfuryl fluoride, H-1301 CF3Br, PFC-218 Perfluoropropane C3H8 propane, CFC-115, HFC-125, HFC-143a, HCFC-22, CFC-12, HFC-134a, HFO-1234yf, CH3Cl methyl chloride HFC-152a, HFO-1234ze, i-butane iso-butane, HFC-227ea, H-1211 Halon-1211, nC4H10 n-butane, CH3Br methyl bromide HCFC-142b, HFC-236fa, CFC-114 and CFC-114a (combined), HCFC-133a, CFC-11, CH3I methyl iodide CH2Cl2 dichloromethane iC5H12 i-pentane, nC5H12 n-pentane, HCFC-141b, CFC-113, H-2402 Halon 2402, HFC-365mfc HFC-365mfc (ion 65), CHCl3 chloroform, n-hexane, CCl4 carbon tetrachloride C2HCl3, CH2Br2 dibromomethane CH3CCl3 methyl chloroform (ion 97), C6H6 benzene, C2Cl4 tetrachloroethylene

NOAA aerosol / ozone Nephelometer Patrick Sheridan patrick.sheridan@noaa.gov , Betsy Andrews betsy.andrews@noaa.gov

hourly resolution light scattering and back-scattering measurement at 3 wavelengths

NOAA aerosol / ozone Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP) Patrick Sheridan patrick.sheridan@noaa.gov , Betsy Andrews betsy.andrews@noaa.gov

hourly resolution – light absorption measurement at 3 wavelengths

NOAA aerosol / ozone Surface ozone analyzer (Thermo Environmental Instruments) Irina Petropavlovskikh irina.petro@noaa.gov

minute average of surface atmospheric ozone concentrations

NASA ICESat-2 Bamboo stake accumulation array (weekly) Thomas Neumann thomas.neumann@nasa.gov , Kelly Brunt kelly.m.brunt@nasa.gov

weekly manual measurements of snow accumulation in a 121 stake bamboo stake array located ~700m east of station

NASA ICESat-2 GNSS accumulation traverse (monthly) Thomas Neumann thomas.neumann@nasa.gov , Kelly Brunt kelly.m.brunt@nasa.gov

monthly traverse to take GPS ground-truth measurements for space borne and airborne laser and radar altimetry systems used to interpret ice-sheet topography and associated temporal changes. Accumulation at ~120 stakes is also taken during the transect

UNAVCO GNSS base station “SMM3” (Septentrio POLARX5) GPS base station Trimble NetR8 (Green House) Joe Pettit pettit@unavco.org

daily position time series centimeter level differential corrections for post-processed static and kinematic surveys, as well as real-time (RTK) surveys

UNAVCO Roving GNSS receiver (Trimble R7) Joe Pettit pettit@unavco.org

GPS positions

NASA SnowFox Upwards-looking in situ cosmic ray instrument (snow water equivalent) Ian Howat howat.4@osu.edu

in situ cosmic ray sensing instrument measuring neutron impacts over time to derive snow water equivalency (SWE) of accumulated precipitation

GC-Net meteorology GC-Net AWS Konrad Steffen konrad.steffen@wsl.ch , Guido Muller guido.mueller@env.ethz.ch

RM Young propeller-type vane
Campbell Sci. CS-500 with Type E Thermocouple (temp and humidity)
Vaisala PTB101B (barometric pressure)
Type T thermocouple (snow temperature profile)
Campbell SR-50 (sonic snow depth)
Li Cor Photodiode (photodiode)
REBS Q* 7 (net radiation)

wind speed and direction, temperature profile, humidity profile, barometric pressure, snow temperature profile, sonic snow depth, short and all wave solar radiation

CUGC Methane and VOC concentration (gas chromatograph) Christine Wiedinmyer christine.wiedinmyer@colorado.edu

Methane and VOC concentration

CUGC CO, CO2, and methane concentration (Picarro spectrometer) Christine Wiedinmyer christine.wiedinmyer@colorado.edu

CO, CO2, and methane concentration

GFZ Potsdam Broadband Seismometers (2) Angelo Strollo strollo@gfz-potsdam.de

two broadband seismometers monitoring activity as part of a global network of instruments. Seismic signal can be used to derive ice calving events amongst other seismic activities

DTU Magnetometer Anna Naemi Willer anna@space.dtu.dk

Part of a network of magnetometers around Greenland providing full vector geomagnetic field information at 1 Hz resolution

DMI meteorology AWS Jens Hansen jqh@dmi.dk