Instruments

Current Long-Term Instruments at Summit

For details, refer to the 'Summit Station Year-Round Measurements' document which lists the current year-round measurements at Summit Station, the frequency of the measurements, and the best point-of-contact for further information

Displaying 1 - 43 of 43
Project Instrument Point of Contact Measurement(s)
ICECAPS Radiosondes (Vaisala RS41-SGP)
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

daily sondes measuring vertical profiles to ~25km altitude at ~5m resolution of: winds, temperature, humidity

ICECAPS Polar Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (PAERI)
  • Von Walden v.walden@wsu.edu

passive calibrated infrared interferometer in the 3.3-25 micron window at 0.5 cm-1 resolution measuring spectral IR sky brightness temperatures and radiances to derive: cloud ice/water content, cloud optical depth, cloud particle size, cloud radiative forcing, cloud temperature, cloud occurrence

ICECAPS Millimeter Cloud Radar (MMCR)
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

multimode 35 GHz Ka band, pulsed Doppler radar sensing signal from -50 to +20 dBZ measuring radar Doppler spectra and moments (reflectivity, mean Doppler velocity, spectrum width) of detected hydrometeors to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, atmospheric winds, cloud particle size, cloud ice/water content, atmospheric turbulence

ICECAPS Microwave Radiometers (MWR); HATPRO and 150-90
  • Dave Turner dave.turner@noaa.gov

two scanning passive radiometers measuring downwelling radiance at 22-31, 51-58, 90, and 150 GHz absorption lines to derive: atmospheric moisture, atmospheric temperature, cloud ice/water content

ICECAPS Cloud Aerosol Polarization and Backscatter LIDAR (CAPABL)
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

tiltable non-scanning multiple linear polarization sensitive lidar at 532 nm measuring backscatter, depolarization ratio of detected targets to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, cloud phase, cloud optical depth

ICECAPS Ceilometer Vaisala CT25K
  • Dave Turner dave.turner@noaa.gov

non-scanning vertically pointing lidar at 1064 nm measuring backscatter of detected targets to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, cloud phase, cloud optical depth

ICECAPS Micropulse Lidar (MPL)
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

non-scanning polarization sensitive vertically pointing lidar at 532 nm measuring backscatter, depolarization ratio of detected targets to derive: cloud vertical boundaries, cloud occurrence, cloud phase, cloud optical depth

ICECAPS Precipitation Occurrence Sensor System (POSS)
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

x-band Doppler radar mounted on a 2-3m tall mast to measure reflectivity and mean Doppler velocity of detected hydrometeors to derive: precipitation occurrence, precipitation type, precipitation intensity

ICECAPS Multi-Angle Snowflake Camera (MASC)
  • Ralf Bennartz ralf.bennartz@vanderbuilt.edu

multi-camera automatic sensing high resolution snowflake imaging system mounted 1-2m above surface to automatically capture images of: snow type, snow structure

ICECAPS IcePic ice particle images
  • Von Walden v.walden@wsu.edu

manually captured digital images of snowflake structure and type utilizing microscope stage, lenses, and slides to image precipitation in very high resolution

ICECAPS SODAR
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

bi-static audible acoustic sodar measuring sonic backscatter from density variations to infer depth and stability of the boundary layer

ICECAPS Total Sky Imager
  • Von Walden v.walden@wsu.edu

hemispheric digital sky imager used to monitor cloud fraction from captured images. Operates in daylight conditions above -40C.

ICECAPS-ACE Condensation particle counter (GRIMM 5.400 CPC)
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

Number concentrations of condensation nuclei (> 5 nm diameter) measured at the surface observed at the MSF with a 1s sample rate.

ICECAPS-ACE Optical Particle Counters (Alphasense N3)
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

Surface aerosol size distribution from 0.35 to 40 μm diameter observed at several locations at Summit Station with a 1s sample rate. Useful for some aerosol measurements but also a good indicator of fog.

ICECAPS-ACE Optical Particle Counter (SkyOPC)
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

Surface aerosol size distribution from 0.25 to 6.5 μm diameter observed at the MSF with a 1s sample rate

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Vaisala HMP155 Heated Temperature and relative humidity Probes at 2 m, 4, 10 m, and 15 m
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

Temperature and humidity observations measured at with a 1s sample rate and averaged to 1 minute intervals

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Ventus-X 2D sonic anemometers at 4 m and 10 m
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

2D sonically sensed wind components measured at 10Hz

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Metek uSonic-3 anemometers at 2 m and 15 m
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

3D sonically sensed wind components measured at 10Hz

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Licor-7500 at 2m
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

Open-path CO2 and H2O vapor concentration measured at 10Hz

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Snow surface temperature (Heitronics KT15)
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

snow surface brightness temperature

ICECAPS-ACE tower instruments Snow depth sensor (Campbell Scientific SR50AH)
  • Ryan Neely r.neely@leeds.ac.uk https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/f06c6aa727404ca788ee3dd0515ea61a

distance to the snow surface from the lowest level of ICECAPS-ACE instruments on the 15 m tower detected by a sonic-ranging sensor

ICECAPS solar tracker Pyrheliometer
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

direct solar radiation

ICECAPS solar tracker Kipp and Zonen CG4 pyrgeometer (solar tracker)
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

downwelling diffuse longwave radiation

ICECAPS solar tracker Kipp and Zonen CM21 pyranometer (solar tracker)
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

downwelling hemispheric shortwave radiation

ICECAPS fixed albedo stand Kipp and Zonen CG4 pyrgeometer
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

Upwelling hemispheric longwave and shortwave radiation

ICECAPS fixed albedo stand Kipp and Zonen CM21 pyranometer
  • Matt Shupe matthew.shupe@noaa.gov

Upwelling hemispheric longwave and shortwave radiation

NOAA meteorology Lufft Ventus-UMB sonic anemometer, 10 m
  • NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

minute data records Wind Speed/Direction (10m)

NOAA meteorology Logan RTD temperature, 2 m
  • NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

Temperature (2m)

NOAA meteorology Vaisala HMP155 relative humidity, 2 m
  • NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

Relative Humidity (2m)

NOAA meteorology Setra and Honeywell pressure transducers (2 instruments)
  • NOAA GMD Met group gmd.met@noaa.gov

Ambient pressure

NOAA in-situ flasks Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gas (CCGC) flask samples
  • Don Neff don.neff@noaa.gov

Weekly in-situ flask samples: Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Carbon monoxide (CO), Nitrous oxide (NO), Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), C13/C12 in CO2, O18/O16 in CO2, C13/C12 in CH4, Ethane (C2H6), Propane (C3H8), i-butane – (C4H10), n-butane – (C4H10), i-pentane – (C5H12), n-pentane – (C5H12), isoprene (C5H8), Molecular Hydrogen, n-hexane, Acetylene, Toluene (C7H8), Ethene (C2H4), Propene (C3H6)

NOAA in-situ flasks Halocarbon and Atmospheric Trace Species (HATS) flask samples GCMS with a GC/ECD instrument
  • Steve Montzka stephen.a.montzka@noaa.gov

weekly (Jul-Sept), biweekly (Oct-Jun) taken from inlet above AWO roof: CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, H-1211, H-2402, CH3CCl3, CCl4, CH2Cl2, C2Cl4, CH3Br, CH3Cl, HCFC-22, HCFC-141b, HCFC-142b, HFC-134a, HFC-152a, HFC-365mfc, HFC-227ea, Carbonyl Sulfide (COS)

Additional gases (data haven't necessarily been through QA/QC and aren't regularly posted. Data for these gases could be made available upon request from NOAA GMD HATS group): CFC-112, HCFC-133a, HCFC-21, CH2Br2, CHBr3, CHCl3, CH3I, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethane CH2BrCl, CHBr2Cl, CHBrCl2, CH2ClI (chloro-iodo-methane), Benzene, C3H4, n-pentane, n-hexane, CF4, NF3, C2H6 ethane, PFC-116 CF3CF3, SF6, CFC-13, HFC-23 CHF3, C2H2 ethyne, OCS carbonyl sulfide, HFC-32 CH2F2, SO2F2 sulfuryl fluoride, H-1301 CF3Br, PFC-218 Perfluoropropane C3H8 propane, CFC-115, HFC-125, HFC-143a, HCFC-22, CFC-12, HFC-134a, HFO-1234yf, CH3Cl methyl chloride HFC-152a, HFO-1234ze, i-butane iso-butane, HFC-227ea, H-1211 Halon-1211, nC4H10 n-butane, CH3Br methyl bromide HCFC-142b, HFC-236fa, CFC-114 and CFC-114a (combined), HCFC-133a, CFC-11, CH3I methyl iodide CH2Cl2 dichloromethane iC5H12 i-pentane, nC5H12 n-pentane, HCFC-141b, CFC-113, H-2402 Halon 2402, HFC-365mfc HFC-365mfc (ion 65), CHCl3 chloroform, n-hexane, CCl4 carbon tetrachloride C2HCl3, CH2Br2 dibromomethane CH3CCl3 methyl chloroform (ion 97), C6H6 benzene, C2Cl4 tetrachloroethylene

NOAA aerosol / ozone Nephelometer
  • Patrick Sheridan patrick.sheridan@noaa.gov
  • Betsy Andrews betsy.andrews@noaa.gov

hourly resolution light scattering and back-scattering measurement at 3 wavelengths

NOAA aerosol / ozone Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP)
  • Patrick Sheridan patrick.sheridan@noaa.gov
  • Betsy Andrews betsy.andrews@noaa.gov

hourly resolution – light absorption measurement at 3 wavelengths

NOAA aerosol / ozone Condensation Particle Counter
  • Patrick Sheridan patrick.sheridan@noaa.gov
  • Betsy Andrews betsy.andrews@noaa.gov

minute average of aerosol number concentration by aerosol activation

NOAA aerosol / ozone Surface ozone analyzer (Thermo Environmental Instruments)
  • Irina Petropavlovskikh irina.petro@noaa.gov

minute average of surface atmospheric ozone concentrations

NASA ICESat-2 Bamboo stake accumulation array (weekly)
  • Robert Hawley Robert.L.Hawley@dartmouth.edu

weekly manual measurements of snow accumulation in a 121 stake bamboo stake array located ~700m east of station

NASA ICESat-2 GNSS accumulation traverse (monthly)
  • Robert Hawley Robert.L.Hawley@dartmouth.edu

monthly traverse to take GPS ground-truth measurements for space borne and airborne laser and radar altimetry systems used to interpret ice-sheet topography and associated temporal changes. Accumulation at ~120 stakes is also taken during the transect

UNAVCO GNSS base station “SMM3” (Septentrio POLARX5) GPS base station Trimble NetR8 (Green House)
  • Joe Pettit pettit@unavco.org https://www.unavco.org/projects/project-support/polar/base_stations_and_survey_systems/summit/summit.html

daily position time series centimeter level differential corrections for post-processed static and kinematic surveys, as well as real-time (RTK) surveys

NASA SnowFox Upwards-looking in situ cosmic ray instrument (snow water equivalent)
  • Ian Howat howat.4@osu.edu

in situ cosmic ray sensing instrument measuring neutron impacts over time to derive snow water equivalency (SWE) of accumulated precipitation

GC-Net meteorology at GEUS GC-Net AWS
  • GEUS/PROMICE https://www.envidat.ch/gcnet/#/station/summitstation

RM Young propeller-type vane
Campbell Sci. CS-500 with Type E Thermocouple (temp and humidity)
Vaisala PTB101B (barometric pressure)
Type T thermocouple (snow temperature profile)
Campbell SR-50 (sonic snow depth)
Li Cor Photodiode (photodiode)
REBS Q* 7 (net radiation)

wind speed and direction, temperature profile, humidity profile, barometric pressure, snow temperature profile, sonic snow depth, short and all wave solar radiation

GFZ Potsdam Broadband Seismometers (2)
  • Angelo Strollo strollo@gfz-potsdam.de

two broadband seismometers monitoring activity as part of a global network of instruments. Seismic signal can be used to derive ice calving events amongst other seismic activities

DTU Magnetometer
  • Anna Naemi Willer anna@space.dtu.dk

Part of a network of magnetometers around Greenland providing full vector geomagnetic field information at 1 Hz resolution